The Republic of Azerbaijan is an ancient country located in the south-east of the Caucasus and in the north-west of the Iranian plateau in the contact zone of the European and Asian continents.

The geographical position of the republic is very favorable both in terms of natural conditions and geopolitical.
The territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan is located between the northern latitudes 380 24 ‘and 410 54’ and the longitudinal circles 440 46 ‘and 500 50’.

The capital is Baku. It consists of 1 Autonomous Republic (Nakhchivan AR), 66 districts, 13 urban districts, 77 cities, 257 settlements, 1719 rural districts, 4260 rural settlements. 1718 municipalities have been established in the country.

Azerbaijan is the 18th largest country in Europe with a population of 10 million. According to the study, the top ten countries include Russia, Germany, Turkey, France, United Kingdom, Italy, Spain, Ukraine, Poland and Romania.

The territory of Azerbaijan, with its plain and mountainous relief, varies between the height amplitude (-28) m (Caspian coast) and 4466 m (Bazarduzu peak). The main relief structures in the country are the Greater and Lesser Caucasus Mountains, the Talysh Mountains and the Kur-Araz lowland. In the north-east, the Greater Caucasus Range is divided into the Main Caucasus Range (Bazarduzu d. 4466m; Tufan d. 4191m), the Side Range (Shahdag d., 4243m), Govdagh (Govdagh d., 2437m) and Nialdag (Yelligadik d., 2322m). In the western part of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, Karabakh (Great Kirs d., 2725m), Murovdagh (Gamish d., 3724m), Shahdag (Shahdag d., 2901m), Eastern Goycha (Keti d., 3399m) and Karabakh plateau (Dalidag d., 3616m) is separated. Zangazur (Gapijig d., 3904m) and Daralayaz (Kuku d., 3120m) ranges are located in Nakhchivan AR. In the south, along the border with Iran, the Talish Mountains rise (Komurgoy village, 2493 m).

It is a country rich in natural resources (both wet underground and surface). The main minerals are oil, gas, iron ore, alunite, gold, copper, polymetallic building materials, etc.

The largest rivers flowing through its territory are Kura, Araz, Ganikh, Gabirri, Samur, and the largest lakes are Sarisu, Aggol, Agzibirchala, Mehman, Boyukshor and others.

Azerbaijan is one of the safest places to travel and live, and as in any country, everyone avoids getting into trouble. Baku is a safe city to visit, and the city center and surrounding areas are especially noteworthy. People from all over the world can move freely on the streets, even at night. Police can be found everywhere, which in turn makes the city safer.

Azerbaijan is called the land of fires. One of these miracles in nature is “Yanar Dag” in Mahammadi village of Absheron peninsula. In Surakhani, there is an ancient monument called “Ateshgah” on the fire that never goes out. This phenomenon has led to the recognition of Azerbaijan in the world as the “Land of Fire”.

The territory of Azerbaijan is a rich source for archaeologists. Excavations in the Azykh cave in Karabakh have revealed traces of human civilization in Azerbaijan 2 million years ago. The human jaw from the Ashel period, known as Azykhantrop, suggests early human settlement in Azerbaijan. It was this discovery that put Azerbaijan on the map of early human life in Europe.
There are hundreds of historical monuments in the ancient city. Icheri Sheher, a unique pearl of Azerbaijani architecture, is located in the center of Baku on an area of ​​22 hectares. 4 of them are of global importance and 28 are of local importance. Icheri Sheher, a unique city within the city, is home to more than 1,300 families, several museums, 18 hotels, and more than 100 commercial and catering facilities.

On the shores of the Caspian Sea, Icheri Sheher is surrounded by fortress walls. Icheri Sheher, along with the Maiden’s Tower and the Palace of the Shirvanshahs, has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2000. The Maiden’s Tower, built in a cylindrical shape on a huge rock on the shores of the Caspian Sea in the 8th-7th centuries BC, has become a symbol of Baku.